Bees play a critical role in maintaining ecosystems and supporting food security around the world. However, bee populations are declining at an alarming rate due to a range of factors, including habitat loss, pesticide use, and climate change. In response, many countries have developed bee conservation policies and frameworks to protect and promote these important pollinators. Here is a closer look at some of the key international and national frameworks for bee conservation.

International Frameworks:

  1. Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD): The CBD is an international treaty that aims to promote the conservation of biodiversity and sustainable use of natural resources. In 2016, the CBD adopted a Pollinators Initiative, which includes a set of guidelines and best practices for the conservation of pollinators, including bees.
  2. United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs): The SDGs are a set of global targets for sustainable development, adopted by the United Nations in 2015. SDG 15.2 specifically calls for the conservation, restoration, and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems, including pollinators.
  3. Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES): The IPBES is an intergovernmental body that provides scientific assessments and policy recommendations on biodiversity and ecosystem services. In 2016, the IPBES adopted a report on pollinators, which highlighted the importance of bees and other pollinators for food security and biodiversity, as well as the threats they face.

National Frameworks:

  1. European Union Bee Partnership: The European Union Bee Partnership is a collaborative effort between the European Commission, member states, and stakeholders to promote the health and well-being of bees and other pollinators. The partnership includes a range of initiatives, including research, education, and policy development.
  2. Pollinator Health Task Force (United States): The Pollinator Health Task Force was established by the United States government in 2014 to address the decline of pollinators, including bees. The task force includes representatives from various government agencies and works to develop policies and programs to support pollinator health.
  3. National Pollinator Strategy (Canada): The National Pollinator Strategy was developed by the Canadian government in 2018 to promote the health and well-being of pollinators, including bees. The strategy includes a range of initiatives, such as habitat restoration, research, and public education.
  4. National Pollinator Action Plan (United Kingdom): The National Pollinator Action Plan was developed by the United Kingdom government in 2014 to address the decline of pollinators, including bees. The plan includes a range of initiatives, such as habitat creation, research, and public engagement.

These are just a few examples of the international and national frameworks for bee conservation. These policies and frameworks can play an important role in promoting bee conservation and supporting sustainable agriculture and food security. By working together to protect and promote these important pollinators, we can help to ensure a healthy and sustainable future for bees and for our planet as a whole.